Informal Order and the State in Afghanistan. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

  • Best Book in Social Science (for previous two years), Central Eurasian Studies Society, 2018
  • Honorable Mention, International Studies Association—Global Development Section Book Prize, 2018

Land, The State, and War: Property Rights and The Origins of Political Order (forthcoming Cambridge University Press; Economics, Rationality, and Society Series), with Ilia Murtazashvili.

Books in Progress

Built to Fail: How Aid and Bureaucratic Legacies Derailed Governance in Afghanistan (with Mohammad Qadamshah)

The Property-Protecting State (with M. Cai and I. Murtazashvili)

Journal Articles

“Electoral System Choice, Representation, and Accountability: Experimental Evidence from Afghanistan,” (with Torsten Jochem and Ilia Murtazashvili), forthcoming, Journal of Global Security Studies.

“Coercive Capacity, Land Reform and Political Order in Afghanistan.” (with Ilia Murtazashvili) Central Asian Survey 36, no. 2 (2017): 212–30.

Commentary: Afghanistan: A Vicious Cycle of State Failure,” Governance, 29, no. 2 (2016): 163-66.

When does the emergence of a stationary bandit lead to property insecurity” (with Ilia Murtazashvili), Rationality and Society, 16, no. 3 (2016), pp. 335-360.

 Can community-based land adjudication and registration improve household land tenure security? Evidence from Afghanistan,” (with Ilia Murtazashvili), Land Use Policy  55 (2016), 230–239.

Does the Sequence of Land Reform and Political Reform Matter? Evidence from State-building in Afghanistan,” Conflict, Security, and Development 16, no. 2 (2016): 145-172.

The Origins of Private Property Rights: States or Customary Organizations?” (with Ilia Murtazashvili), Journal of Institutional Economics 12, no. 1 (2016): 105-128.

Afghanistan 2015: A Year of Fragmentation.” Asian Survey 56, no. 1 (2016), forthcoming.

Establishing Local Government in Fragile States: Experimental Evidence from Afghanistan.” (with Torsten Jochem and Ilia Murtazashvili), World Development 77 (2016): 293-310.

Social Identity and Voting in Afghanistan: Evidence from a Survey Experiment.” (with Torsten Jochem and Ilia Murtazashvili), Journal of Experimental Political Science 2, no. 1 (2015): 47–62.

Afghanistan in 2014: Year of Transition.” Asian Survey 55, no. 1 (2015): 21–32.

Gaming the State: Consequences of Contracting out State Building in Afghanistan.” Central Asian Survey 34, no. 1 (2015): 78–92.

Bad Medicine: Diagnosing the Failure of State-Building Efforts in Afghanistan.” Central Asian Affairs 2, no. 1 (2015): 10–34.

Anarchy, Self-Governance, and Legal Titling.” (with Ilia Murtazashvili), Public Choice 162, no. 3–4 (2014): 287–305.

Informal Federalism: Self-Governance and Power Sharing in Afghanistan.” Publius: The Journal of Federalism 44, no. 2 (2014): 324–43.

Colored by Revolution: The Political Economy of Autocratic Stability in Uzbekistan.” Democratization 19, no. 1 (2012): 78–97

Armed with Practice: Learning to Engage with the Military.” The Forum 8, no. 3 (2010).

Book Chapters

“Customary Governance and the State in Central Eurasia,” in Central Asia in Context, ed. David Montgomery, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press (forthcoming)

The Role for Government in Post-Conflict Reconstruction (with I. Murtazashvili)

The Potential for Bottom-up Responses to State Collapse (with I. Murtazashvili)

Subnational Governance in Afghanistan Back to the Future.” In State Strengthening in Afghanistan: Lessons Learned, 2001-14, edited by Scott Smith and Colin Cookman, 53–68. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 2016.

“Can Shale Gas Revolution Save Central and South Asia?” in The Global Impact of Unconventional Shale Gas Development: Economics, Policy, and Interdependence,” eds. William Hefley and Yongsheng Wang. Springer (forthcoming)

Community Documentation of Land Tenure and Its Contribution to State Building in Afghanistan.” (with J. David Stanfield, Mohammad Yasin Safar, and Akram Salam), In Land and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, eds. Jon Unruh and Rhodri Williams. 2013. New York: Routledge, 265–92.

“Rangeland Administration in (Post) Conflict Conditions: The Case of Afghanistan,” (with J. David Stanfield, Mohammad Yasin Safar), in Innovations in Land Rights Recognition, Administration, and Governance, ed. Klaus Deininger et al. (Washington D.C.: The World Bank, 2010), 225-241.

Policy Publications

“Engaging Customary Authority in Community Driven Development,” U4 Issue Paper, U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Center, Chr. Michelson Institute (with David Jackson), 2018. 

An Assessment of Local Governance in Tajikistan, United States Agency for International Development, Washington, DC. 2016.

Women’s Leadership Roles in Afghanistan, (with Aarya Nijat), Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 2015.

Evaluation Baseline Report: Tajikistan Local Governance Project Impact Evaluation. Washington, DC: United States Agency for International Development, 2013

Survey on Political Institutions, Elections, and Democracy in Afghanistan.. Washington, DC: Democracy International and United States Agency for International Development, 2012.

Tribalism,Governance, and Development, (co-editor and contributor with Lynn Carter and Phyllis Dininio), United States Agency for International Development, Washington, DC, 2010.

An Investigation into the Sustainability of Community Development Councils. Kabul: Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, 2008.

Book reviews

“Order and the Bazaar,” (by Regine Spector), Central Asian Affairs, forthcoming.

“Warlords & Coalition Politics in Post-Soviet States,” (by Jesse Driscoll), Caucasus Review¸ forthcoming.

“Iraqi Federalism and the Kurds: Learning to Live Together, by Alex Danilovich.” Publius: The Journal of Federalism 45, no 1 (2014).

“Changing Poverty, Changing Policy,” by Maria Cancian and Sheldon Danziger, eds,. 2010. Comparative Policy Analysis.

Working Papers

Perceptions of Political Parties in Fragile States: Evidence from a Survey Experiment in Afghanistan (with Torsten Jochem and Ilia Murtazashvili)

Red Tape: How Centralized Bureaucratic Legacies Undermine Liberal State-Building

Women’s Leadership in Afghanistan (with Aarya Nijat)

Property Rights and Political Violence (with Ilia Murtazashvili)

Data Generation and Aid-Induced Bias in Conflict Affected States

Is Legal Titling an Economic Answer to Political Violence? (with I. Murtazashvili)

Governance and Legal Titling (with I. Murtazashvili)

Good Governance and the Origins of Good Economic Institutions (with I. Murtazashvili)

New Lessons of US Economic History for the Developing World (with C. Harris and I. Murtazashvili)

Can the IMF improve the quality of governance? Evidence from Ukraine (with Tymofiy Mylovanov and Ilia Murtazashvili)

Can Expertise Improve Governance? Evidence from Ukraine (with T. Mylovanov and I. Murtazashvili)

Property-Protecting States (with M. Cai and I. Murtazashvili)

The Political Economy of Post-Conflict Reconstruction) (with I. Murtazashvili)